Among the various definitions of nature today, concepts referring to geology and wildlife are the most common. In order to explain transformational phases of the wild nature by human, scholars discuss four types of definitions today. First nature designates the world before the human: the pristine ecosystems. Second nature represents rural cultural landscapes that result from the transformation of pristine landscapes by human land uses such as agricultural activity. Third nature refers to gardens and parks that have been created, and are maintained by human. They are created deliberately. Lastly, Fourth Nature emerges spontaneously as a novel urban green space on urban voids, reconquering terrain vague or other post-industrial sites without erasing the traces of human culture.
The existing landscape of the Bandirma Park is considered as a Fourth Nature for two reasons. First of all the landscape that emerged spontaneously after the military abandonment corresponds to this definition. The second reason concerns Bandirma’s future growth. The plans for harbour removal will cause a massive land to be transformed. We propose to create a landscape infrastructure network, that Bandirma is currently lacking, on the leftover sites and voids. City transportation system decisions such as the new transfer center in the south and new tramline help the green infrastructure to connect the southern and eastern parts of the city with the western part where the Design Park is located.
The urban scale decisions we propose are shaped by the principle that the Design Institute becomes an active actor. The future growth of Bandirma is projected in four phases. The urban strategies include the new programs to be implemented after the removal of harbour, a new transfer center at the south-east, a new tramline connecting the central city and the new urban areas towards the Design Park, and green space placed along the leftover train lines after the relocation of the train station